Do you have a student that is working below level that you plan to refer for testing this year? Are you working through the different stages that your district requires before he or she is tested?
Part of the process is communicating with your student's parent. Communicating with a parent when you suspect a learning disability is often a topic that is neglected in the undergraduate experience. This is such a shame because it is something every teacher will need to know at some point in his or her career.
It is very important to remember that your student's parents are going through a grieving process. They are grieving the loss of the child they thought they had. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross found the following stages of grief:
Stage 1: Denial can take different forms.
- My child doesn't have a learning disability. He/she just has a bad teacher.
- My child doesn't have a learning disability. He/she has a first year teacher who doesn't know how to reach my child.
- My child doesn't have a learning disability. My child needs a more structured environment so he/she can learn the proper way.
- My child doesn't have a learning disability. Public schools aren't a good fit for a my child. I will move my child to a private school.
- My child doesn't have a learning disability. My child's teacher hates boys.
- My child doesn't have a learning disability. My child's teacher needs to retire. He/she is burned out.
Stage 2: Anger can be directed at different people.
- Initially, it is usually directed at the teacher. "I am going to the principal. I want my child moved out of your class."
- Then it (sometimes) is directed at the child. "You need to quit fooling around at school!" "If you just tried harder!"
- Sometimes the parents blame each other. "My husband travels / works long hours." "If I didn't have to work, I would have more time to spend with my child." "If we weren't divorced this never would have happened."
- Yes, I have even had the grandparents get involved. "He/she watches too much t.v." "They eat too much junk food." (These are true stories - I swear!!!!)
Stage 3: Bargaining looks about the same with most parents.
- Parents use some type of chart to document/reward their child's progress.
- I have found this is the stage when parents monitor their child's work the closest.
Stage 4: Depression
- This is just my interpretation . . . but I think after closely monitoring their child's work during the bargaining stage, the parent is finally able to see in black and white that:
- Yes, their child really is trying to do their best.
- Yes, they are being involved parents because they have been super-focused on their child.
- Yes, their child's teacher is trying different approaches to teach their child.
- Yet, after all of this extra support their child still is struggling.
- Some parents will go through a short depression.
Stage 5: Acceptance
- There is no set in stone time frame for how long this process will take.
- Sometimes a parent will agree to the testing the first school year a teacher addresses the issue with them.
- Other times, it may take the second or third teacher who is finally able to reach the parent and convince them that there is a problem.
My best advice is to be extra sensitive when you speak to your child's parents about a learning issue. Be aware of the stages and if possible try not to take their comments personally.